Mixed pain

Pain including both components; Nociceptive and Neuropathic pain.

Disease related Mix Pain;

  • Low back pain
  • Complex region pain syndrome
  • Phantom limb pain
  • Skeletal muscle pain1


2 HCP reading x-ray chart

Low back pain is the most common problem worldwide, with a reported lifetime prevalence of muscle spasm is 40–85%2

Muscle spasm is “Persistent involuntary hypertonicity of one or more muscles usually of central origin and commonly associated with pain and excessive irritability”3


  1. Guide to Chronic Pain Assessment Tools;Michael R. Clark
  2. Sribastav SS et al. Peer J 2017;5:e3282;
  3. Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary 2017. Muscle spasm. Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/muscle%20spasm (accessed June 2017).