Pain including both components; Nociceptive and Neuropathic pain.
Disease related Mix Pain;
- Low back pain
- Complex region pain syndrome
- Phantom limb pain
- Skeletal muscle pain1
Low back pain is the most common problem worldwide, with a reported lifetime prevalence of muscle spasm is 40–85%2
Muscle spasm is “Persistent involuntary hypertonicity of one or more muscles usually of central origin and commonly associated with pain and excessive irritability”3
- Guide to Chronic Pain Assessment Tools;Michael R. Clark
- Sribastav SS et al. Peer J 2017;5:e3282;
- Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary 2017. Muscle spasm. Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/muscle%20spasm (accessed June 2017).