Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer is the 2nd incidence of cancers in Thailand with 23,713 new cases in 20201 (Globocan 2020)


The most important cause of lung cancer is tobacco smoking which, although decreasing in high-income countries, is increasing in low-middle income countries including South Africa. Other risk factors for lung cancer include older age, family history, occupational and environmental exposure to certain substances, pollution and some lung diseases including Tuberculosis and HIV.2

Advances in lung cancer treatment and diagnosis over the last 12 years have led to an improvement in survival rates.3

Possible treatments include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and newer therapies such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy.2,3


  1. Globocan 2020, Thailand
  2. Mapanga W, Norris SA, Chen WC, et al. Consensus Study on the Health System and Patient-related Barriers for Lung Cancer Management in South Africa. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(2):e0246716. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0246716
  3. Jones GS, Baldwin DR. Recent Advances in the Management of Lung Cancer. Clin Med. 2018;18(Suppl 2):s41-s46. doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.18-2-s41